If you are about to go on your first sailing holiday, this article is for you. I will try to go in detail about each important aspect of living on a boat and about the boat itself.
On a sailing yacht you can distinguish two types of areas: private and common.
This is the main indoor area. It's a place to eat together if outdoor weather is not so pleasant. The area is cosy and nice to just relax indoors by the table either during the day or for the private evening party. Usually the companionway leads straight to the galley. There is always a decent sized table surrounded by place to sit and a kitchenette. In the kitchenette there is always at least one fridge (sometimes up to three and wine cooler), stove, oven and multiple cabinets and drawers that are full of cutlery, plates, pots and almost everything that you need.
The chart table is part of the galley, but it deserves a special mention. The chart table is the captains office. Usually its restricted only for the captain's use: navigation, power & water management and more.
This is the main outdoors area. In the cockpit you can find a table where you can dine or relax. It is surrounded by place to sit with cushions on both sides. Nearby you can usually find a steering wheel(s) with navigation systems, winches and lines.
A cabin is your main resting area. On a sailing yacht cabins are usually for two people. There is either double or bunk bed. Usually in the cabin you will find a pillow, a blanket, bed linen, towel(s). I'd say it is a standard, although you may find some yachts, that towels & bed linen is an extra service. In each cabin there is a locker, lights and USB plugs.
Depending on the yacht design, there may be up to 4 heads. There are yachts that each cabin has its own private head, on the smaller yachts there may be only one for all to use. Each of the heads have a sink with shower extension, a mirror and a toilet with manual or electric pump. Toilets are usually connected to the waste tanks, although some yachts are not equipped with those. Please always check this with your captain, as you wouldn't like to pollute during the swim stop in a bay.